Современный английский язык: Морфология и синтаксис = Modern English Grammar: Morphology and Syntax Современный английский язык: Морфология и синтаксис = Modern English Grammar: Morphology and Syntax В учебном пособии предлагается функциональный подход к изложению основных проблем грамматической теории современного английского языка. Все теоретические вопросы объясняются с привлечением иллюстративного материала из аутентичных источников разных функциональных стилей английского языка. Для студентов старших курсов филологических и лингвистических специальностей, получающих профессиональную подготовку по программе бакалавра, магистра и специалиста в избранной области, а также для аспирантов и молодых преподавателей. Academia 978-5-7695-3059-3
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Современный английский язык: Морфология и синтаксис = Modern English Grammar: Morphology and Syntax

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В учебном пособии предлагается функциональный подход к изложению основных проблем грамматической теории современного английского языка. Все теоретические вопросы объясняются с привлечением иллюстративного материала из аутентичных источников разных функциональных стилей английского языка. Для студентов старших курсов филологических и лингвистических специальностей, получающих профессиональную подготовку по программе бакалавра, магистра и специалиста в избранной области, а также для аспирантов и молодых преподавателей.
Отрывок из книги «Современный английский язык: Морфология и синтаксис = Modern English Grammar: Morphology and Syntax»
PREFACE
The present manual of Modern English grammar is intended for the students of English departments and departments of translation specialising as teachers of English at universities and teacher’s colleges and also for the students of political sciences, art and humanities at large taking English as the main subject.
The manual is aimed at presenting a theoretical outline of English grammar as a system functioning in a variety of speech situations pragmatically oriented, when both linguistic competence and linguistic performance need further mastery and refinement. It is also aimed to
help the students in forming the judgements of their own on questions of a proper choice and in using this or that grammar form, pattern, structure consciously and creatively to promote most efficiently the
communication in English.The manual is devoted to the discussion of current state of English grammar. It consists of two major parts: Part 1. Morphology and Part 2. Syntax and Discourse. This combination seems to be rather conventional for grammar books, for it allows to see how separate words become those sections which our chain of speech consists of.
One of the peculiarities of this grammar book is the following: here an attempt has been made to connect the already existing facts about grammatical units with their real use in real speech — oral and written.
Illustrations are taken from different registers of speech.
The specific feature of this grammar book is that it is addressed to the foreign students of English, not to the native speakers. The majority of grammar books which appeared recently in Russia have been written
by the authors whose mother tongue is English. The difference between the systems of the Russian and English grammars was not taken into
account there. Also, it is a well-known fact that those grammars are mainly of a descriptive character and for a foreign learner of English it is very often difficult to prefer this or that particular usage of grammatical
units.
The manual may be used as the basic material for the theoretical courses of English morphology and syntax. Here the authors tried to consider recent developments in the theory of English grammar which one can find in Russian and foreign linguistics. Also, as it has already
been mentioned above, facts about the use of grammatical units in speech are supported by a large bulk of material, taken from different authentic sources.
The manual contains materials that are not always considered as the traditional ones. The authors here tried to use a “broad” approach to the problems of grammar. Thus, in Part 1. Morphology a lot of attention
is given to morphonology, without which it might be difficult to understand the nature and function of synthetic and analytical forms in English. Part 2. Syntax and Discourse contains the chapters devoted
to prosody and punctuation, which signal the syntactic construction of speech; to the correlation between syntax and pragmatics, syntax and stylistics etc. Thus, an attempt has been made to cover all boundary areas
where grammatical units function.
It is necessary to specially emphasise that the presentation of the material in this book is based on the unity of oral and written speech.
Also it is important to mention the contextual approach to the study of linguistic facts, which in very many cases is crucial for understanding the functional peculiarities of grammatical units.
For practical purposes, the presentation of illustrative phrases and contexts of use was simplified: single forms and minimal contexts are given without a detailed reference to the author’s name or place of publication; however, in the majority of cases at least a familiar name of a writer/a poet is given in brackets; in some cases all necessary references are given, especially when the name of the author is less familiar to the
students of language and literature.
Among the authors and their works mentioned in the manual there are: K. Amis, J.Austen, Ch.Bronte, G. Chaucer, C. Cleveland, Ch. Dickens, F. Scott, J. Galsworthy, G.Greene, R. Haggard, J.K. Jerome, Kazuo Ishiguro, R. Kipling, S.Maugham, M.Mitchel, E.A.Poe, G. B.Priestley, Jan Robinson, W.Shakespeare, G. B.Shaw,
E.Waugh, O.Wilde; besides, examples were chosen from collections and anthologies of prose and poetry, and texts belonging to different functional styles, namely, journalism, scientific discourse, mass media publications, for example A Parody Anthology coll. by C.Wells (1967); The Experience of Literature. Anthology and Analysis (1966); The Holy Bible, Authorised King James Version; Interpreting Literature by K.L.Knickerbocker and H.W.Reninger (1969); An Anthology of Modern English and American Verse (1963) etc.
This book is the result of many years’ experience in teaching grammar to the students of English. It is also the result of efforts of scholars who belong to the linguistic school of the English Department, Faculty of
Philology, Moscow State Lomonosov University.
The authors are deeply grateful to S.G.Ter-Minasova for many years of cooperative work and devote the book to the memory of their teachers A. I.Smirnitsky and O. S.Akhmanova.

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Preface

Part 1. Morphology

Chapter 1. Morphology, its definition and its place among other linguistic disciplines

1.1. The units and processes of the morphological level

1.2. Morphemes

1.3. Morphological processes

1.3.1. Processes affecting grammatical form

1.3.2. Processes affecting grammatical content

1.4. Analytical forms

Chapter 2. Categorisation in morphology

2.1. Categorisation: categories, categorial forms

2.2. Grammatical categories

2.3. On dialectical unity of synchrony and diachrony in a morphological analysis

2.4. On categorisation as a dynamic process in terms of synchrony

2.5. On categorematic vs syncategorematic words in Modern English

2.6. Categorisation in open-class system

2.7. On deixis as a category

2.8. Closed-system classification

2.8.1. Articles

2.8.2. Articles with uncountable vs countable nouns

2.8.3. Syncategorematic vs categorematic Verbs

Chapter 3. Parts-of-speech classification

3.1. Pronouns. Pro-words. Their definition and specificity. Types of pronouns and their grammatical categories

3.1.1. Personal pronouns

3.1.2. Interrogative pronouns

3.1.3. Reciprocal pronouns

3.1.4. Demonstrative pronouns

3.1.5. Indefinite pronouns

3.1.6. Negative pronouns

3.2. Prepositions. Semantics and functions of prepositions

3.3. Conjunctions. Conjunctions of coordination and subordination. Morphological structure of conjunctions and their semantics

3.4. Interjections: their referential content and classification

3.5. Adjectives

3.6. Adverbs

3.7. Nouns. Types of nouns, grammatical categories of nouns

3.7.1. Case

3.7.2. Number

3.7.3. Gender

3.8. Verbs. Modals, auxiliaries, notional verbs and their grammatical- morphological categories: mood, tense, aspect, voice, taxis, person, number

3.8.1. Modals

3.8.2. Auxiliary verbs

3.8.3. Notional verbs and their grammatical-morphological categories

3.8.4. The category of mood

3.8.5. Indicative mood. The category of tense

3.8.6. The category of aspect

3.8.7. The category of voice

3.8.8. Taxis. The category of simultaneity-anteriority

3.8.9. The functional-semantic intersection of the categories of tense and taxis in Modern English

3.8.10. The category of person

3.8.11. The category of number

3.9. Numerals. Cardinal and ordinal numerals, their morphological structure and syntactic properties: numerals and nouns, numerals and adjectives. Idiomaticity of collocations based on numerals. Numerals and major mathematic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Fractions, percentage and interest

Chapter 4. Morphology and syntax

4.1. The category of enunciation. Tag questions

4.2. Negation and phraseology

4.3. Negation and translation

Part II. Syntax and Discourse

Chapter 1. The subject of syntax

1.1. General remarks

1.2. Syntax and syntactic units

Chapter 2. The ultimate and the consummate units of speech

Chapter 3. Minor syntax

3.1. What is “word-combination”

3.2. Types of word-combinations

3.3. Methods of study of word-combinations

Chapter 4. Syntax and prosody

4.1. Pausation

4.2. Tonicity

4.3. Tempo

4.4. Loudness

Chapter 5. Syntax and punctuation

5.1. Comma

5.2. Semicolon

5.3. Colon

5.4. Dash

5.5. Exclamation and question marks

5.6. Parenthesis

Chapter 6. Simple sentence and its parts

6.1. Simple and multiple sentences

6.2. Types of simple sentences

6.3. Simple sentence and its parts

6.4. Syntactic diarhemes

6.4.1. Completive bond

6.4.2. Copulative syntactic bond

6.4.3. Predicative bond

6.4.4. Content plane

6.4.5. Prosody and punctuation as the reflection of the syntactic construction of speech

Chapter 7. Multiple sentences

7.1. Compound sentences

7.2. Complex sentences

7.3. There-sentences

7.4. Cleft sentences

Chapter 8. Predication

8.1. Main units of predication

8.2. The expression of predication

8.3. Syntactic dynamism on the level of discourse

8.4. Predicative or predicating?

8.5. Grammatical vs dynamic approach to the study of the sentence

Chapter 9. Parenthesis

9.1. The notion of parenthetical insertion

9.2. Categories and types of parenthesis

9.3. Functions of parenthetical insertions

9.4. Stylistic functions of parenthesis

Chapter 10. The pragmatic approach to the study of grammar

10.1. Grammar in use

10.2. Grammar and pragmatics

10.3. Making texts

Chapter 11. Discourse and syntax

11.1. Phrasing

11.2. Rhythm

11.3. Parcellation

11.4. Syntactic division of a text as the stylistic device

Chapter 12. Cognitive approach to the study of language

12.1. General remarks

12.2. Discourse as the important subject of cognitive study

Questions and tasks for self-control

Term examination questions

Index of terms

Literature
Штрихкод:   9785769530593
Аудитория:   18 и старше
Бумага:   Офсет
Масса:   345 г
Размеры:   217x 145x 16 мм
Тираж:   3 000
Литературная форма:   Учебное пособие
Тип иллюстраций:   Без иллюстраций
Язык:   Английский
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